In the future, unified land and sea classification standards will be adopted in the whole process of land and space management. Recently on the implementation of the national spatial investigation, planning, use control of land use classification guide sea (try out) ", is the implementation of the national natural resources unified management, to set up the national spatial development and protection system is an important basic standards, for the department of natural resources to fulfill the "two unity" and "rules" has a long history.
With the implementation of the Guidelines on Classification of Land Use and Sea Use for Territorial Spatial Survey, Planning and Use Control (Trial) (hereinafter referred to as the "Classification Guidelines"), unified land use and sea use classification standards will be adopted in the whole process of territorial space management in the future. Zhuang Shaoqin, vice minister of the Ministry of Natural Resources, pointed out that the Classification Guide is an important basic standard for the implementation of the unified management of national natural resources and the establishment of a territorial space development and protection system, and has a long-term historical significance for the Ministry of Natural Resources to fulfill the duties of "unification of the two" and "integration of multiple regulations".
"Because different departments have different management objectives, different standard connotations, different terms and terms, and have their own dialects, there is no unified land-use sea classification standard at the national level, which is equivalent to not having a unified 'Mandarin'." Zhuang Shaoqin said that the Ministry of Natural Resources decided to change the classification title to "Classification Guide", and finally formed a unified land use and sea classification covering the whole process of land use and sea, from "two regulations" to "land use and sea", to "land use and sea", to "land use and sea" management, including survey, planning and use control.
According to the report, the classification guide is applicable to land surveys, territorial space planning and use control, and extends to land approval and real estate registration.
Integration of multiple original standards
According to the department of natural resources chief planner, news spokesman hai-yang wu, to exercise unified all natural resources assets owner and exercise unified national land space use control and the protection and restoration of ecological functions, we will accelerate the establishment of a unified natural resources investigation and monitoring and evaluation and approval registration system, establish national spatial planning system "the unity of" more rules and supervise the implementation, the department of natural resources research has established the classification guide. The classification guide integrates the original classification standards, such as the classification of land use status, the classification of urban land and the standards for planned construction land, and the classification of sea areas.
Zhuang Shaoqin revealed one detail: the drafting process of the classification guide took more than two years, which is enough to illustrate the complexity of the formulation of the classification guide.
According to Zhuang Shaoqin, the plan for deepening the reform of Party and state institutions adopted at the Third Plenary Session of the 19th CPC Central Committee in 2018 clearly specifies the Ministry of Natural Resources' important responsibilities, such as "unification of the two" and "integration of multiple regulations". "Two unity" namely exercise unified national responsibility, all natural resources assets owners exercise unified all land space use control and the protection and restoration of ecological functions, "specific duties have unified investigation and approval to register, build space planning system and supervise the implementation, promote the 'one' rules, implementation of land use planning, urban and rural planning such as organic integration". Zhuang Shaoqin said that before the institutional reform, one of the important reasons for overlapping and conflicting spatial planning was the disunity and disconnection of basic classification.
"After the establishment of the Ministry of Natural Resources, we started to sort out relevant standards and conduct preliminary research." Zhuang Shaoqin pointed out that before the reform, relevant departments had their own standards and practical basis for land use and sea classification in their respective business areas. The urban and rural planning administrative department has the Standard for Classification of Urban Land and the Standard for Planning and Construction Land, the land administrative department has the Standard for Classification of Land Use Status, and the Marine administrative department has the Standard for Classification of Sea Area Use, but there is no unified classification standard for land use and sea at the national level.
'The Guide to Classification embodies unity,' Mr. Zhuang said. According to the requirements of "two unification" and "whole life cycle management", the "classification guide" "is not a simple patchwork of the original urban and rural planning, land use planning and Marine function zoning work, but in the process of institutional reform to achieve business integration, functional integration, the real 'chemical reaction'".
"The new classification should be used first in all types of spatial planning, especially in the overall planning of territorial space for cities and counties. In the future, unified land and sea classification standards will be adopted in the whole process of territorial space management." ZhuangShaoQin, according to the classification guide to carry out ecological priority, the direction of developing green high quality development, adhere to the sea as a whole, urban and rural areas as a whole, the underground space as a whole, set up a "wetland" "agricultural infrastructure construction land" class "logistics warehousing land" and so on, embody the ecological protection, protect arable land, ensuring the development of new forms and other requirements. In addition, the Guide to Classification sets up "blank land" to encourage mixed use of land and space, and leaves room for local differentiation rules.
Achieve the unity of the whole process
According to Zhang Bing, director of the land and space planning bureau of the Ministry of Natural Resources, the original Classification of Land Use Status, the original Classification of Urban Land and Planning and Construction Land, and the original Classification of Sea Area Use all have their own classification standards. On the basis of these classifications, the Classification Guide integrates and classifies the land and sea use types of territorial space according to the main allocation and utilization modes, management characteristics and coverage characteristics of territorial space.
Since the implementation of the classification guide these classifications to realize the whole process of unification, and is suitable for "land investigation, monitoring, statistics and evaluation, national spatial planning, use control, cultivated land protection, ecological restoration, land examination and approval, supply, management, law enforcement, the whole process of registration and information management, and other natural resources management each link work". Zhang Bing said, in the specific use, the work of different link can use different classification level, "classification guide" also made a principle provision to this.
According to Zhang Bing, the "classification guide" to achieve the total territorial space of the total element coverage. First of all, to achieve full land and sea coverage in the whole region. The Guide to Classification follows the principle of overall planning for land and sea, taking the classification of sea and land as a whole into consideration, and making overall planning and connection as far as possible between relevant uses of land space and Marine resources utilization in terms of names. Since uninhabited islands are mostly developed and utilized together with surrounding sea areas, their current classification of use is basically the same as that of sea areas, so sea areas and uninhabited islands are classified as a whole.
Second, land use for production, living and ecology will be fully covered on land. The classification of arable land, garden land, woodland, grassland and other lands in the Guide to Classification is connected with the classification of land use status. Combined with the latest results of the third national land survey, the meaning of the Guide has been revised and improved. At the same time, "wetland" has been formally included in the classification of land use and sea, reflecting the importance of ecological space protection and management. Construction land includes "residential land", "land for public management and public service" and "land for commercial service", covering the basic functions of urban and rural construction, infrastructure construction and other types of land.
Strict management shall be exercised over cultivated land
"For the first time, the Classification Guide clearly lists' agricultural facility construction land 'as the first level, which consists of' rural road land ', 'planting facility construction land', 'livestock and poultry breeding facility construction land' and 'aquaculture facility construction land' as the second level, and the agricultural facility destruction land as the first level." Zhang Bing said that the "classification guide" to effectively prevent farmland "non-agricultural" and "non-grain" to adapt to the current agricultural and rural development of the new situation, new characteristics.
How the classification guide and the third national land survey scheme for cultivated land quality classification > (hereinafter referred to as "classification of three adjustable) organic unification, cohesion and fusion of natural resources, director-general of the department of natural resources investigation and monitoring said miao is the former, on the classification standard, natural resources insists the classification guide with the three adjustable classification as a whole.
Natural resources, the sea island Gao Zhong said, the involved in the classification of the Marine resources classification guide principle of fully embody the sea as a whole, at the same time, further integration, optimization of the original Marine functional zoning, the classification of sea area use, and with the island type classification system, such as for sea island management set the overall framework and the classification basis.
Zhao Yufang, deputy director of the department of land and space use control under the Ministry of Natural Resources, said that the formulation and promulgation of the classification guide is of great significance for the Ministry of Natural Resources to organize and implement use control according to laws and standards. The Guide to Classification subdivides urban and rural land into different land types, so that urban and rural land are parallel and of the same caliber. The "rural homestead", "rural community service facility land" and "urban residential land" and "urban community service facility land" are juxtosed into the "residential land" class, forming a complete residential land function, which is conducive to the implementation of the regional and type management of national space.
Yu-fang zhao said, the classification will guide to "country road" "plant facilities construction land" "livestock and poultry breeding facilities construction land" "aquaculture facilities construction land" as a secondary classes, classified as "agricultural infrastructure construction land" class, and is defined as "the damage to the surface magnetism", more in line with the actual needs in the countryside, more conducive to the strengthening and regulating the management of rural land for construction purposes, to prevent "non-agricultural" are of positive significance.
Zhao Yufang said that the next step, the Ministry of Natural Resources will be based on the "classification guide", the main functions of the base category to develop differentiated, refined use control measures. Among them, farmland and land with important ecological functions will be more strictly managed, and the rules for converting from use to use will be refined. Classified management measures shall be formulated according to the types of business forms and land use characteristics to support and standardize the land used for rural industrial development; We will strengthen the management of land use conversion and improve the supervision system of "system + technology".